Anita J. Moon-Grady

MD, FAAP, FACC

  • Professor, Pediatrics
  • Director, UCSF Fetal Cardiovascular Program

Biography

Dr. Anita Moon-Grady is the director of the Fetal Cardiovascular Program at UCSF. She trained in both pediatric cardiology and neonatal/perinatal medicine and specializes in pediatric and fetal echocardiography and intraoperative assessment during congenital cardiac surgery and fetal surgery. Her clinical work is based primarily in the Pediatric and Fetal Echocardiography Laboratory, and she works in close association with the Fetal Treatment Center at UCSF. She attends on the pediatric cardiology service for two months per year and runs a weekly outpatient clinic as well as a fetal consultative clinic service five days a week.

Dr. Moon-Grady is the recipient of the Stanford University Dean's Award for Research, the UC Davis Medical Center Department of Pediatrics Award for Outstanding Contribution to Education of Housestaff, Award for Excellence in Neonatology and the Eli Gold Award for Excellence in Clinical Medicine. She is a member of the American Society of Echocardiography, the Society of Pediatric Echocardiography and the American Medical Association. She has been elected fellow of the American College of Cardiology, fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, and fellow of the American Society of Echocardiography and serves on the Board for the Pediatric Council of the American Society of Echocardiography.

Education & Training

  • UC San Francisco, San Francisco

    Pediatric Cardiology

  • UC Davis, Sacramento, CA

    Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

  • UC Davis, Sacramento, CA

    Pediatrics

  • Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA

    Medicine

  • Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA

    Biology

Clincial Trials

Publications

  • Afshar Y, Hogan WJ, Conturie C, Sunderji S, Duffy JY, Peyvandi S, Boe NM, Melber D, Fajardo VM, Tandel MD, Holliman K, Kwan L, Satou G, Moon-Grady AJ. Multi-Institutional Practice-Patterns in Fetal Congenital Heart Disease Following Implementation of a Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 Aug 03; 10(15):e021598. PubMed

  • Chelliah A, Moon-Grady AJ, Peyvandi S, Chiu JS, Bost JE, Schidlow D, Carroll SJ, Davey B, Divanovic A, Hornberger L, Howley LW, Kavanaugh-McHugh A, Kovalchin JP, Levasseur SM, Lindblade CL, Morris SA, Ngwezi D, Pruetz JD, Puchalski MD, Rychik J, Samai C, Tacy TA, Tworetzky W, Vernon MM, Yeh J, Donofrio MT. Contemporary Outcomes in Tetralogy of Fallot With Absent Pulmonary Valve After Fetal Diagnosis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 Jun 15; 10(12):e019713. PubMed

  • Arnaout R, Curran L, Zhao Y, Levine JC, Chinn E, Moon-Grady AJ. An ensemble of neural networks provides expert-level prenatal detection of complex congenital heart disease. Nat Med. 2021 05; 27(5):882-891. PubMed

  • Hogan WJ, Moon-Grady AJ, Zhao Y, Cresalia NM, Nawaytou H, Quezada E, Brook M, McQuillen P, Peyvandi S. Fetal?cerebrovascular response to maternal hyperoxygenation in congenital heart disease: effect of cardiac physiology. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2021 05; 57(5):769-775. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Chou FS, Moon-Grady AJ. Risk of congenital heart disease is increased among newborns with non-cardiac congenital anomalies: survey-based analysis using 2016 Kids' Inpatient Database. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2021 05; 57(5):841-842. PubMed

  • Kosiv KA, Moon-Grady A, Hogan W, Keller R, Rapoport R, Rogers E, Feldstein VA, Lee H, Peyvandi S. Fetal cerebrovascular impedance is reduced in left congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2021 03; 57(3):386-391. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Peyvandi S, Costello JM, Moon-Grady AJ, Habib RH, Hill KD, Jacobs ML, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Keller RL, Pasquali SK, Reddy VM, Tabbutt S, Rajagopal S. Association between Z-score for birth weight and postoperative outcomes in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Jan 29. PubMed

  • Wang S, Freud LR, Detterich J, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT, Jaeggi ET, Szwast AL, Morris SA, Kavanaugh-Mchugh A, Howley LW, van der Velde ME, Cuneo BF, Phoon CK, Tworetzky W, Pruetz JD. Extracardiac Doppler indices predict perinatal mortality in fetuses with Ebstein anomaly and tricuspid valve dysplasia. Prenat Diagn. 2021 02; 41(3):332-340. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Chou FS, Moon-Grady AJ. High Birth Prevalence of Congenital Heart Diseases in Conjoined Twins and Higher Order Multiple Births. Am J Cardiol. 2021 03 01; 142:159-160. PubMed

  • Peyvandi S, Xu D, Wang Y, Hogan W, Moon-Grady A, Barkovich AJ, Glenn O, McQuillen P, Liu J. Fetal Cerebral Oxygenation Is Impaired in Congenital Heart Disease and Shows Variable Response to Maternal Hyperoxia. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 01 05; 10(1):e018777. PubMed

  • Tai C, Conner T, Pevyandi S, Moon-Grady AJ. Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in an Isolated Single Umbilical Artery Is Low at a Tertiary Referral Center. J Ultrasound Med. 2021 Aug; 40(8):1729-1730. PubMed

  • Freud LR, McElhinney DB, Kalish BT, Escobar-Diaz MC, Komarlu R, Puchalski MD, Jaeggi ET, Szwast AL, Freire G, Levasseur SM, Kavanaugh-McHugh A, Michelfelder EC, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT, Howley LW, Selamet Tierney ES, Cuneo BF, Morris SA, Pruetz JD, van der Velde ME, Kovalchin JP, Ikemba CM, Vernon MM, Samai C, Satou GM, Gotteiner NL, Phoon CK, Silverman NH, Tworetzky W. Risk Factors for Mortality and Circulatory Outcome Among Neonates Prenatally Diagnosed With Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia: A Multicenter Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 11 03; 9(21):e016684. PubMed

  • Pinto NM, Morris SA, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT. Prenatal cardiac care: Goals, priorities & gaps in knowledge in fetal cardiovascular disease: Perspectives of the Fetal Heart Society. Prog Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 Dec; 59:101312. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Moon-Grady AJ. Among Pediatric Patients Hospitalized for Influenza Infection, Pre-Existing Cardiomyopathy Confers Significantly Higher Morbidity and Mortality. Am J Cardiol. 2020 12 15; 137:138-139. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Chou FS, Moon-Grady AJ. Impact of congenital heart disease on outcomes among pediatric patients hospitalized for influenza infection. BMC Pediatr. 2020 09 28; 20(1):450. PubMed

  • Hogan WJ, Grinenco S, Armstrong A, Devlieger R, Dangel J, Ferrer Q, Frommelt M, Galindo A, Gardiner H, Gelehrter S, Herberg U, Howley L, Jaeggi E, Miranda J, Morris SA, Oepkes D, Pedra S, Peterson R, Sholler G, Simpson J, Strainic J, Vigneswarran TV, Wacker-Gussmann A, Moon-Grady AJ, for┬áthe┬áIFCIR┬áParticipants . Fetal Cardiac Intervention for Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum: International Fetal Cardiac Intervention Registry. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2020 Jul 07; 1-9. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Moon-Grady AJ. Fontan completion timing: is there a "right" season? Cardiol Young. 2020 10; 30(10):1549-1550. PubMed

  • Yagel S, Moon-Grady AJ. Fetal cardiac evaluation services for low-risk pregnancies: how can we improve? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2020 06; 55(6):726-727. PubMed

  • Peyvandi S, Baer RJ, Chambers CD, Norton ME, Rajagopal S, Ryckman KK, Moon-Grady A, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Steurer MA. Environmental and Socioeconomic Factors Influence the Live-Born Incidence of Congenital Heart Disease: A Population-Based Study in California. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 04 21; 9(8):e015255. PubMed

  • Patel ND, Nageotte S, Ing FF, Armstrong AK, Chmait R, Detterich JA, Galindo A, Gardiner H, Grinenco S, Herberg U, Jaeggi E, Morris SA, Oepkes D, Simpson JM, Moon-Grady A, Pruetz JD. Procedural, pregnancy, and short-term outcomes after fetal aortic valvuloplasty. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2020 09 01; 96(3):626-632. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Devoe C, Moon-Grady AJ. 22q11.2 Deletion Status Influences Resource Utilization in Infants Requiring Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot and Common Arterial Trunk. Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 Jun; 41(5):918-924. PubMed

  • Lazow SP, Ben-Ishay O, Aribindi VK, Staffa SJ, Pluchinotta FR, Schecter SC, Cauley RP, Tworetzky W, Lee H, Moon-Grady AJ, Buchmiller TL. Predictors of index admission mortality and morbidity in contemporary esophageal atresia patients. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Nov; 55(11):2322-2328. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Peyvandi S, Baer RJ, Oltman SP, Chambers CD, Norton ME, Ryckman KK, Moon-Grady AJ, Keller RL, Shiboski SC, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. Impaired Fetal Environment and Gestational Age: What Is Driving Mortality in Neonates With Critical Congenital Heart Disease? J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 11 19; 8(22):e013194. PubMed

  • Ghimire LV, Chou FS, Devoe C, Moon-Grady A. Comparison of In-Hospital Outcomes When Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot Is in the Neonatal Period Versus in the Post-Neonatal Period. Am J Cardiol. 2020 01 01; 125(1):140-145. PubMed

  • Vandeleur D, Chen CV, Huang EJ, Connolly AJ, Sanchez H, Moon-Grady AJ. Novel and lethal case of cardiac involvement in DNM1L mitochondrial encephalopathy. . 2019 12; 179(12):2486-2489. PubMed

  • Zaretsky MV, Tong S, Lagueux M, Lim FY, Khalek N, Emery SP, Davis S, Moon-Grady AJ, Drennan K, Treadwell MC, Petersen E, Santiago-Munoz P, Brown R, North American Fetal Therapy Network . North American Fetal Therapy Network: Timing of and indications for delivery following laser ablation for twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM. 2019 03; 1(1):74-81. PubMed

  • Goodnight WH, Bahtiyar O, Bennett KA, Emery SP, Lillegard JB, Fisher A, Goldstein R, Jatres J, Lim FY, McCullough L, Moehrlen U, Moldenhauer JS, Moon-Grady AJ, Ruano R, Skupski DW, Thom E, Treadwell MC, Tsao K, Wagner AJ, Waqar LN, Zaretsky M, fMMC Consortium sponsored by NAFTNet . Subsequent pregnancy outcomes after open maternal-fetal surgery for myelomeningocele. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 05; 220(5):494.e1-494.e7. PubMed

  • Cuneo BF, Sonesson SE, Levasseur S, Moon-Grady AJ, Krishnan A, Donofrio MT, Raboisson MJ, Hornberger LK, Van Eerden P, Sinkovskaya E, Abuhamad A, Arya B, Szwast A, Gardiner H, Jacobs K, Freire G, Howley L, Lam A, Kaizer AM, Benson DW, Jaeggi E. Home Monitoring for Fetal Heart Rhythm During Anti-Ro Pregnancies. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 10 16; 72(16):1940-1951. PubMed

  • Peyvandi S, Baer RJ, Moon-Grady AJ, Oltman SP, Chambers CD, Norton ME, Rajagopal S, Ryckman KK, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Steurer MA. Socioeconomic Mediators of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes: A Population-Based Study in California. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 10 16; 7(20):e010342. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Baer RJ, Burke E, Peyvandi S, Oltman S, Chambers CD, Norton ME, Rand L, Rajagopal S, Ryckman KK, Feuer SK, Liang L, Paynter RA, McCarthy M, Moon-Grady AJ, Keller RL, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. Effect of Fetal Growth on 1-Year Mortality in Neonates With Critical Congenital Heart Disease. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 09 04; 7(17):e009693. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Peyvandi S. Measuring Up Before Birth: The New Normal. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 07; 11(7):e008008. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ. Re: Fetal cardiac remodeling in twin pregnancy conceived by assisted reproductive technology. B. Valenzuela-Alcaraz, M. Cruz-Lemini, M. Rodriguez-Lopez, A. Gonce, L. Garcia-Otero, H. Ayuso, M. Sitges, B. Bijnens, J. Balasch, E. Gratacos and F. Crispi. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018; 51: 94-100. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2018 01; 51(1):21. PubMed

  • Sanapo L, Pruetz JD, Slodki M, Goens MB, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT. Fetal echocardiography for planning perinatal and delivery room care of neonates with congenital heart disease. Echocardiography. 2017 12; 34(12):1804-1821. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Baer RJ, Keller RL, Oltman S, Chambers CD, Norton ME, Peyvandi S, Rand L, Rajagopal S, Ryckman KK, Moon-Grady AJ, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. Gestational Age and Outcomes in Critical Congenital Heart Disease. Pediatrics. 2017 Oct; 140(4). PubMed

  • Jantzen DW, Moon-Grady AJ, Morris SA, Armstrong AK, Berg C, Dangel J, Fifer CG, Frommelt M, Gembruch U, Herberg U, Jaeggi E, Kontopoulos EV, Marshall AC, Miller O, Oberhoffer R, Oepkes D, Pedra CA, Pedra SR, Peralta F, Quintero RA, Ryan G, Gelehrter SK. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome With Intact or Restrictive Atrial Septum: A Report From the International Fetal Cardiac Intervention Registry. Circulation. 2017 10 03; 136(14):1346-1349. PubMed

  • Sinskey JL, Rollins MD, Whitlock E, Moon-Grady AJ, Vu L, Feiner JR, Ferschl MB. Incidence and Management of Umbilical Artery Flow Abnormalities during Open Fetal Surgery. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2018; 43(4):274-283. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Baschat A, Cass D, Choolani M, Copel JA, Crombleholme TM, Deprest J, Emery SP, Evans MI, Luks FI, Norton ME, Ryan G, Tsao K, Welch R, Harrison M. Fetal Treatment 2017: The Evolution of Fetal Therapy Centers - A Joint Opinion from the International Fetal Medicine and Surgical Society (IFMSS) and the North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet). Fetal Diagn Ther. 2017; 42(4):241-248. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Peyvandi S, Baer RJ, MacKenzie T, Li BC, Norton ME, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Moon-Grady AJ. Epidemiology of Live Born Infants with Nonimmune Hydrops Fetalis-Insights from a Population-Based Dataset. J Pediatr. 2017 08; 187:182-188.e3. PubMed

  • Howley LW, Khoo NS, Moon-Grady AJ, Patel SS, Alrais F, Tworetzky W, Colen T, Brooks P, Trines J, Ojala T, Hornberger LK. Right Atrial Dysfunction in the Fetus with Severely Regurgitant Tricuspid Valve Disease: A Potential Source of Cardiovascular Compromise. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2017 Jun; 30(6):579-588. PubMed

  • Lodin D, Mavrothalassitis O, Haberer K, Sunderji S, Quek RGW, Peyvandi S, Moon-Grady A, Karamlou T. Revisiting the utility of technical performance scores following tetralogy of Fallot repair. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 08; 154(2):585-595.e3. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Norton ME, Baer RJ, Shaw GM, Keating S, Moon-Grady AJ, Chambers CD, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. The association of maternal lymphatic markers and critical congenital heart defects in the fetus-A population based case-control study. . 2017 May; 173(5):1231-1236. PubMed

  • Peyvandi S, Nguyen TA, Almeida-Jones M, Boe N, Rhee L, Anton T, Sklansky M, Tarsa M, Satou G, Moon-Grady AJ, University of California Fetal Consortium (UCfC) . Timing and Mode of Delivery in Prenatally Diagnosed Congenital Heart Disease- an Analysis of Practices within the University of California Fetal Consortium (UCfC). Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Mar; 38(3):588-595. PubMed

  • Escobar-Diaz MC, Sunderji S, Tworetzky W, Moon-Grady AJ. The Fetus with Ectopia Cordis: Experience and Expectations from Two Centers. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Mar; 38(3):531-538. PubMed

  • Ang YS, Rivas RN, Ribeiro AJS, Srivas R, Rivera J, Stone NR, Pratt K, Mohamed TMA, Fu JD, Spencer CI, Tippens ND, Li M, Narasimha A, Radzinsky E, Moon-Grady AJ, Yu H, Pruitt BL, Snyder MP, Srivastava D. Disease Model of GATA4 Mutation Reveals Transcription Factor Cooperativity in Human Cardiogenesis. Cell. 2016 Dec 15; 167(7):1734-1749.e22. PubMed

  • Cuneo BF, Moon-Grady AJ, Sonesson SE, Levasseur S, Hornberger L, Donofrio MT, Krishnan A, Szwast A, Howley L, Benson DW, Jaeggi E. Heart sounds at home: feasibility of an ambulatory fetal heart rhythm surveillance program for anti-SSA-positive pregnancies. J Perinatol. 2017 03; 37(3):226-230. PubMed

  • Beattie M, Peyvandi S, Ganesan S, Moon-Grady A. Toward Improving the Fetal Diagnosis of Coarctation of the Aorta. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Feb; 38(2):344-352. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ. Re: Perinatal outcomes and intrauterine complications following fetal intervention for congenital heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. E. Araujo J├║nior, G. Tonni, M. Chung, R. Ruano and W. P. Martins. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2016; 48: 426-433. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016 10; 48(4):424-425. PubMed

  • Selamet Tierney ES, McElhinney DB, Freud LR, Tworetzky W, Cuneo BF, Escobar-Diaz MC, Ikemba C, Kalish BT, Komarlu R, Levasseur SM, Puchalski MD, Satou GM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Assessment of Progressive Pathophysiology After Early Prenatal Diagnosis of the Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 01; 119(1):106-111. PubMed

  • Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Discordant Fetal and Post-Natal Diagnosis: Can We Do Better? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 08 30; 68(9):931-3. PubMed

  • Emery SP, Hasley SK, Catov JM, Miller RS, Moon-Grady AJ, Baschat AA, Johnson A, Lim FY, Gagnon AL, O'Shaughnessy RW, Ozcan T, Luks FI, North American Fetal Therapy Network . North American Fetal Therapy Network: intervention vs expectant management for stage I twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Sep; 215(3):346.e1-7. PubMed

  • Ferschl MB, Moon-Grady AJ, Rollins MD, Gilliss B, Schulman SR, Tulzer G, Stohl S, Ginosar Y. CASE 8-2016 Percutaneous Fetal Cardiac Intervention for Severe Aortic Stenosis and Evolving Hypoplastic Left-Heart Syndrome. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Aug; 30(4):1118-28. PubMed

  • Moise KJ, Moldenhauer JS, Bennett KA, Goodnight W, Luks FI, Emery SP, Tsao K, Moon-Grady AJ, Moore RC, Treadwell MC, Vlastos EJ, Wetjen NM. Current Selection Criteria and Perioperative Therapy Used for Fetal Myelomeningocele Surgery. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Mar; 127(3):593-597. PubMed

  • Sanapo L, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT. Perinatal and Delivery Management of Infants with Congenital Heart Disease. Clin Perinatol. 2016 Mar; 43(1):55-71. PubMed

  • Derderian SC, Jayme CM, Cheng LS, Keller RL, Moon-Grady AJ, MacKenzie TC. Mass Effect Alone May Not Explain Pulmonary Vascular Pathology in Severe Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2016; 39(2):117-24. PubMed

  • Byrne FA, Keller RL, Meadows J, Miniati D, Brook MM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Severe left diaphragmatic hernia limits size of fetal left heart more than does right diaphragmatic hernia. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Dec; 46(6):688-94. PubMed

  • Dayan JG, Peyvandi S, Moon-Grady AJ. Pulmonary Atresia With an Intact Ventricular Septum in the Setting of D-Transposition of the Great Arteries With a Hypoplastic Left Ventricle: Fetal Diagnosis. J Ultrasound Med. 2015 Dec; 34(12):2313-5. PubMed

  • Nawaytou HM, Peyvandi S, Brook MM, Silverman N, Moon-Grady AJ. Right Ventricular Systolic-to-Diastolic Time Index: Hypoplastic Left Heart Fetuses Differ Significantly from Normal Fetuses. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016 Feb; 29(2):143-9. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Morris SA, Belfort M, Chmait R, Dangel J, Devlieger R, Emery S, Frommelt M, Galindo A, Gelehrter S, Gembruch U, Grinenco S, Habli M, Herberg U, Jaeggi E, Kilby M, Kontopoulos E, Marantz P, Miller O, Ota├▒o L, Pedra C, Pedra S, Pruetz J, Quintero R, Ryan G, Sharland G, Simpson J, Vlastos E, Tworetzky W, Wilkins-Haug L, Oepkes D, International Fetal Cardiac Intervention Registry . International Fetal Cardiac Intervention┬áRegistry: A Worldwide Collaborative Description and Preliminary┬áOutcomes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jul 28; 66(4):388-99. PubMed

  • Freud LR, Escobar-Diaz MC, Kalish BT, Komarlu R, Puchalski MD, Jaeggi ET, Szwast AL, Freire G, Levasseur SM, Kavanaugh-McHugh A, Michelfelder EC, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT, Howley LW, Tierney ES, Cuneo BF, Morris SA, Pruetz JD, van der Velde ME, Kovalchin JP, Ikemba CM, Vernon MM, Samai C, Satou GM, Gotteiner NL, Phoon CK, Silverman NH, McElhinney DB, Tworetzky W. Outcomes and Predictors of Perinatal Mortality in Fetuses With Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia in the Current Era: A Multicenter Study. Circulation. 2015 Aug 11; 132(6):481-9. PubMed

  • Emery SP, Bahtiyar MO, Dashe JS, Wilkins-Haug LE, Johnson A, Paek BW, Moon-Grady AJ, Skupski DW, O'Brien BM, Harman CR, Simpson LL. The North American Fetal Therapy Network Consensus Statement: prenatal management of uncomplicated monochorionic gestations. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 May; 125(5):1236-1243. PubMed

  • Peyvandi S, Feldstein VA, Hirose S, Rand L, Brook MM, Moon-Grady AJ. Twin-reversed arterial perfusion sequence associated with decreased fetal cerebral vascular impedance. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Apr; 45(4):447-51. PubMed

  • Lusk LA, Wai KC, Moon-Grady AJ, Basta AM, Filly R, Keller RL. Fetal ultrasound markers of severity predict resolution of pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Aug; 213(2):216.e1-8. PubMed

  • Freud LR, Moon-Grady A, Escobar-Diaz MC, Gotteiner NL, Young LT, McElhinney DB, Tworetzky W. Low rate of prenatal diagnosis among neonates with critical aortic stenosis: insight into the natural history in utero. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Mar; 45(3):326-32. PubMed

  • Bahtiyar MO, Emery SP, Dashe JS, Wilkins-Haug LE, Johnson A, Paek BW, Moon-Grady AJ, Skupski DW, O'Brien BM, Harman CR, Simpson LL, North American Fetal Therapy Network . The North American Fetal Therapy Network consensus statement: prenatal surveillance of uncomplicated monochorionic gestations. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan; 125(1):118-123. PubMed

  • Lusk LA, Wai KC, Moon-Grady AJ, Steurer MA, Keller RL. Persistence of pulmonary hypertension by echocardiography predicts short-term outcomes in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr. 2015 Feb; 166(2):251-6.e1. PubMed

  • Derderian SC, Jeanty C, Fleck SR, Cheng LS, Peyvandi S, Moon-Grady AJ, Farrell J, Hirose S, Gonzalez J, Keller RL, MacKenzie TC. The many faces of hydrops. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jan; 50(1):50-4; discussion 54. PubMed

  • Steurer MA, Moon-Grady AJ, Fineman JR, Sun CE, Lusk LA, Wai KC, Keller RL. B-type natriuretic peptide: prognostic marker in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Pediatr Res. 2014 Dec; 76(6):549-54. PubMed

  • Ganesan S, Brook MM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal findings in total anomalous pulmonary venous return: a diagnostic road map starts with obstetric screening views. J Ultrasound Med. 2014 Jul; 33(7):1193-207. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ. Fetal echocardiography in twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Perinatol. 2014 Sep; 31 Suppl 1:S31-8. PubMed

  • Davey BT, Donofrio MT, Moon-Grady AJ, Fifer CG, Cuneo BF, Falkensammer CB, Szwast AL, Rychik J. Development and validation of a fetal cardiovascular disease severity scale. Pediatr Cardiol. 2014 Oct; 35(7):1174-80. PubMed

  • Donofrio MT, Moon-Grady AJ, Hornberger LK, Copel JA, Sklansky MS, Abuhamad A, Cuneo BF, Huhta JC, Jonas RA, Krishnan A, Lacey S, Lee W, Michelfelder EC, Rempel GR, Silverman NH, Spray TL, Strasburger JF, Tworetzky W, Rychik J, American Heart Association Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Joint Committee of the Council on Ca . Diagnosis and treatment of fetal cardiac disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2014 May 27; 129(21):2183-242. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Ganesan S. The role of fetal echocardiography in the assessment of fetal aneuploidy. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Mar; 57(1):189-209. PubMed

  • Lowenthal A, Lemley B, Kipps AK, Brook MM, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal tricuspid valve size as a predictor of postnatal outcome in patients with severe pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2014; 35(2):101-7. PubMed

  • Rocha LA, Byrne FA, Keller RL, Miniati D, Brook MM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Left heart structures in human neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and the effect of fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2014; 35(1):36-43. PubMed

  • Cuneo BF, Etheridge SP, Horigome H, Sallee D, Moon-Grady A, Weng HY, Ackerman MJ, Benson DW. Arrhythmia phenotype during fetal life suggests long-QT syndrome genotype: risk stratification of perinatal long-QT syndrome. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2013 Oct; 6(5):946-51. PubMed

  • Fleck S, Bautista G, Keating SM, Lee TH, Keller RL, Moon-Grady AJ, Gonzales K, Norris PJ, Busch MP, Kim CJ, Romero R, Lee H, Miniati D, MacKenzie TC. Fetal production of growth factors and inflammatory mediators predicts pulmonary hypertension in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Pediatr Res. 2013 Sep; 74(3):290-8. PubMed

  • Bui YK, Kipps AK, Brook MM, Moon-Grady AJ. Tissue Doppler is more sensitive and reproducible than spectral pulsed-wave Doppler for fetal right ventricle myocardial performance index determination in normal and diabetic pregnancies. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2013 May; 26(5):507-14. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady A, Shahanavaz S, Brook M, Rodriguez H, Hornberger LK. Can a complete fetal echocardiogram be performed at 12 to 16 weeks' gestation? J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Dec; 25(12):1342-52. PubMed

  • Bhat AH, Kehl DW, Tacy TA, Moon-Grady AJ, Hornberger LK. Diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot and its variants in the late first and early second trimester: details of initial assessment and comparison with later fetal diagnosis. Echocardiography. 2013 Jan; 30(1):81-7. PubMed

  • Wickremasinghe AC, Rogers EE, Piecuch RE, Johnson BC, Golden S, Moon-Grady AJ, Clyman RI. Neurodevelopmental outcomes following two different treatment approaches (early ligation and selective ligation) for patent ductus arteriosus. J Pediatr. 2012 Dec; 161(6):1065-72. PubMed

  • Lowenthal A, Kipps AK, Brook MM, Meadows J, Azakie A, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal diagnosis of atrial restriction in hypoplastic left heart syndrome is associated with decreased 2-year survival. Prenat Diagn. 2012 May; 32(5):485-90. PubMed

  • Shah A, Moon-Grady A, Bhogal N, Collins KK, Tacy T, Brook M, Hornberger LK. Effectiveness of sotalol as first-line therapy for fetal supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Jun 01; 109(11):1614-8. PubMed

  • Byrne FA, Lee H, Kipps AK, Brook MM, Moon-Grady AJ. Echocardiographic risk stratification of fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratoma and twin-reversed arterial perfusion. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2011; 30(4):280-8. PubMed

  • Murphy LL, Moon-Grady AJ, Cuneo BF, Wakai RT, Yu S, Kunic JD, Benson DW, George AL. Developmentally regulated SCN5A splice variant potentiates dysfunction of a novel mutation associated with severe fetal arrhythmia. Heart Rhythm. 2012 Apr; 9(4):590-7. PubMed

  • Mertens L, Seri I, Marek J, Arlettaz R, Barker P, McNamara P, Moon-Grady AJ, Coon PD, Noori S, Simpson J, Lai WW, Writing Group of the American Society of Echocardiography , European Association of Echocardiography , Association for European Pediatric Cardiologists . Targeted Neonatal Echocardiography in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: practice guidelines and recommendations for training. Writing Group of the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) in collaboration with the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) and the Association for European Pediatric Cardiologists (AEPC). J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Oct; 24(10):1057-78. PubMed

  • Mertens L, Seri I, Marek J, Arlettaz R, Barker P, McNamara P, Moon-Grady AJ, Coon PD, Noori S, Simpson J, Lai WW, Writing Group of the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) , European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) , Association for European Pediatric Cardiologists (AEPC) . Targeted neonatal echocardiography in the neonatal intensive care unit: practice guidelines and recommendations for training:. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2011 Oct; 12(10):715-36. PubMed

  • Jegatheeswaran A, Oliveira C, Batsos C, Moon-Grady AJ, Silverman NH, Hornberger LK, Coyte P, Friedberg MK. Costs of prenatal detection of congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Dec 15; 108(12):1808-14. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Rand L, Gallardo S, Gosnell K, Lee H, Feldstein VA. Diastolic Cardiac Pathology and Clinical Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome in Monochorionic/Diamniotic Twins. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Sep 01; 205(3):279.e1-279.e11. PubMed

  • AlRais F, Feldstein VA, Srivastava D, Gosnell K, Moon-Grady AJ. Monochorionic twins discordant for congenital heart disease: a referral center's experience and possible pathophysiologic mechanisms. Prenat Diagn. 2011 Oct; 31(10):978-84. PubMed

  • Kipps AK, Feuille C, Azakie A, Hoffman JI, Tabbutt S, Brook MM, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome in current era. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Aug 01; 108(3):421-7. PubMed

  • Jelliffe-Pawlowski L, Baer R, Moon-Grady AJ, Currier RJ. Second trimester serum predictors of congenital heart defects in pregnancies without chromosomal or neural tube defects. Prenat Diagn. 2011 May; 31(5):466-72. PubMed

  • Trucco SM, Jaeggi E, Cuneo B, Moon-Grady AJ, Silverman E, Silverman N, Hornberger LK. Use of intravenous gamma globulin and corticosteroids in the treatment of maternal autoantibody-mediated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Feb 08; 57(6):715-23. PubMed

  • Oepkes D, Moon-Grady AJ, Wilkins-Haug L, Tworetzky W, Arzt W, Devlieger R. 2010 Report from the ISPD Special Interest Group fetal therapy: fetal cardiac interventions. Prenat Diagn. 2011 Mar; 31(3):249-51. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Rand L, Lemley B, Gosnell K, Hornberger LK, Lee H. Effect of selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation therapy for twin-twin transfusion syndrome on pulmonary valve pathology in recipient twins. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jan; 37(1):27-33. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Hirose S, Kesby G, Menahem S, Tworetzky W. The Fetus as a Cardiac Patient: Assessment and Therapy of Cardiovascular Pathology before Birth. Int J Pediatr. 2010; 2010:974520. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Moore P, Azakie A. Ross-Konno and endocardial fibroelastosis resection after hybrid stage I palliation in infancy: successful staged left-ventricular rehabilitation and conversion to biventricular circulation after fetal diagnosis of aortic stenosis. Pediatr Cardiol. 2011 Feb; 32(2):211-4. PubMed

  • Losada E, Moon-Grady AJ, Strohsnitter WC, Wu D, Ursell PC. Anomalous mitral arcade in twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Circulation. 2010 Oct 12; 122(15):1456-63. PubMed

  • Jhaveri N, Moon-Grady A, Clyman RI. Early surgical ligation versus a conservative approach for management of patent ductus arteriosus that fails to close after indomethacin treatment. J Pediatr. 2010 Sep; 157(3):381-7, 387.e1. PubMed

  • Plymale J, Park J, Natale J, Moon-Grady A. Corrected QT Interval in Children With Brain Death. Pediatr Cardiol. 2010 Oct; 31(7):1064-9. PubMed

  • Keller RL, Tacy TA, Hendricks-Munoz K, Xu J, Moon-Grady AJ, Neuhaus J, Moore P, Nobuhara KK, Hawgood S, Fineman JR. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: endothelin-1, pulmonary hypertension, and disease severity. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Aug 15; 182(4):555-61. PubMed

  • Jain S, Kleiner B, Moon-Grady A, Hornberger LK. Prenatal diagnosis of vascular rings. J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Feb; 29(2):287-94. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ, Tong E, Nourse J, Sorenson B, Lee J, Hornberger LK. Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease. J Pediatr. 2009 Jul; 155(1):26-31, 31.e1. PubMed

  • Boe NM, Rhee-Morris L, Towner D, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal diagnosis of omphalocele and left atrial isomerism (polysplenia) including complex congenital heart disease with ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy. J Ultrasound Med. 2008 Jul; 27(7):1117-21. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Taylor D, Bennett SH, Hornberger LK, Tacy TA. Color M-mode propagation velocity, but not its ratio to early diastolic inflow velocity, changes throughout gestation in normal human fetuses. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2008 May; 31(5):535-41. PubMed

  • Jegatheesan P, Ianus V, Buchh B, Yoon G, Chorne N, Ewig A, Lin E, Fields S, Moon-Grady A, Tacy T, Milstein J, Schreiber M, Padbury J, Clyman R. Increased indomethacin dosing for persistent patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. J Pediatr. 2008 Aug; 153(2):183-9. PubMed

  • Chiou HL, Moon-Grady A, Rodriguez R, Konia T, Parrish M, Milstein J. A rare lethal combination of premature closure of the foramen ovale and d-transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum. Int J Cardiol. 2008 Nov 12; 130(2):e57-9. PubMed

  • Huang T, Moon-Grady AJ, Traugott C, Marcin J. The availability of telecardiology consultations and transfer patterns from a remote neonatal intensive care unit. J Telemed Telecare. 2008; 14(5):244-8. PubMed

  • McGahan JP, Moon-Grady AJ, Pahwa A, Towner D, Rhee-Morris L, Gerscovich EO, Fogata M. Potential pitfalls and methods of improving in utero diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries, including the baby bird's beak image. J Ultrasound Med. 2007 Nov; 26(11):1499-510; quiz 1511. PubMed

  • Alphonso N, Anagnostopoulos PV, N├Âlke L, Moon-Grady A, Azakie A, Raff GW, Karl TR. Anomalous coronary artery from the wrong sinus of Valsalva: a physiologic repair strategy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Apr; 83(4):1472-6. PubMed

  • Ghorishi Z, Milstein JM, Poulain FR, Moon-Grady A, Tacy T, Bennett SH, Fineman JR, Eldridge MW. Shear stress paradigm for perinatal fractal arterial network remodeling in lambs with pulmonary hypertension and increased pulmonary blood flow. . 2007 Jun; 292(6):H3006-18. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Teitel DF, Hanley FL, Moore P. Ductus-associated proximal pulmonary artery stenosis in patients with right heart obstruction. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Jan 02; 114(1):41-5. PubMed

  • Truong U, Moon-Grady AJ, Butani L. Cardiac tamponade in a pediatric renal transplant recipient on sirolimus therapy. Pediatr Transplant. 2005 Aug; 9(4):541-4. PubMed

  • Roy N, Azakiea A, Moon-Grady AJ, Blurton DJ, Karl TR. Mycotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta in a 2-kg neonate. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Aug; 80(2):726-9. PubMed

  • El Kady D, Gerscovich EO, Moon-Grady A, Towner D, McGahan JP, Rhee-Morris L, Naderi S. Congenital cardiac left ventricular aneurysm with pericardial effusion: early prenatal diagnosis and intervention. J Ultrasound Med. 2005 Jul; 24(7):1011-5. PubMed

  • Kappler S, Milstein JM, Moon-Grady AJ, Bennett SH. Evaluation of stroke volume via arterial pulse pressure waveforms in neonatal lambs. Biol Neonate. 2004; 86(3):184-94. PubMed

  • Melendres G, Ormsby EL, McGahan JP, Moon-Grady AJ, Towner D, Taylor D. Prenatal diagnosis of Ebstein anomaly: a potential pitfall. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Apr; 23(4):551-5. PubMed

  • Tworetzky W, McElhinney DB, Margossian R, Moon-Grady AJ, Sallee D, Goldmuntz E, van der Velde ME, Silverman NH, Allan LD. Association between cardiac tumors and tuberous sclerosis in the fetus and neonate. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Aug 15; 92(4):487-9. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Tacy TA, Brook MM, Hanley FL, Silverman NH. Value of clinical and echocardiographic features in predicting outcome in the fetus, infant, and child with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve complex. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jun 01; 89(11):1280-5. PubMed

  • Overfield DM, Bennett SH, Goetzman BW, Milstein JM, Moon-Grady AJ. Hemodynamic effects of positive end-expiratory pressure during partial liquid ventilation in newborn lambs. J Pediatr Surg. 2001 Sep; 36(9):1327-32. PubMed

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