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Michael DiSandro


  • Professor, Clinical Urology
  • Pediatric Urologist


Dr. Michael DiSandro, a pediatric urologist, is an expert in surgery for urinary disorders in children, including minimally invasive procedures and reconstructive surgery of the genitourinary system (genital and urinary organs). His expertise includes treating vesicoureteral reflux (a condition in which urine backs up toward the kidneys), neurogenic bladder (conditions in which a lack of bladder control is caused by a nervous system problem) and hypospadias (a birth defect involving the opening on the penis).

In research, DiSandro focuses on vesicoureteral reflux and hydronephrosis (in which a kidney is swollen because urine can't drain from it). He also is investigating the possible environmental causes of hypospadias.

DiSandro earned his medical degree at the University of Vermont's Robert Larner, MD College of Medicine. He completed residencies in surgery and urology at the University of California, Davis, followed by a fellowship in pediatric urology at UCSF.

Before coming to UCSF, DiSandro was chief of pediatric urology at the University of Minnesota and, most recently, at the University of Miami Health System.

Education & Training

  • University of California, San Francisco


  • Overland MR, Leva NV, DiSandro M, Copp HL. Feasibility of Awake Intravesical Botulinum Toxin Injection in Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder. J Urol. 2022 09; 208(3):702-710. PubMed
  • Maya R. Overland, Natalia V. Leva, Michael DiSandro, Hillary L. Copp. MP51-12 FEASIBILITY OF AWAKE INTRAVESICAL BOTULINUM TOXIN INJECTION IN PEDIATRIC NEUROGENIC BLADDER. Investigative Urology. 2021 Sep 1; 206(Supplement 3).
  • Menon V, Breyer B, Copp HL, Baskin L, Disandro M, Schlomer BJ. Do adult men with untreated ventral penile curvature have adverse outcomes? J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Feb; 12(1):31.e1-7. PubMed
  • DiSandro M, Merke DP, Rink RC. Review of current surgical techniques and medical management considerations in the treatment of pediatric patients with disorders of sex development. Horm Metab Res. 2015 May; 47(5):321-8. PubMed
  • Schlomer B, Breyer B, Copp H, Baskin L, DiSandro M. Do adult men with untreated hypospadias have adverse outcomes? A pilot study using a social media advertised survey. J Pediatr Urol. 2014 Aug; 10(4):672-9. PubMed
  • Yiee JH, Baskin LS, Patel N, Yang J, Disandro M. Prospective blinded laboratory assessment of prophylactic antibiotic compliance in a pediatric outpatient setting. J Urol. 2012 Jun; 187(6):2176-81. PubMed
  • Jenny Yiee, Laurence Baskin, Neal Patel, Jennifer Yang, Michael Disandro. 625 PROSPECTIVE BLINDED LABORATORY ASSESSMENT OF PROPHYLACTIC ANTIBIOTIC COMPLIANCE. The Journal of Urology. 2012 Apr 1; 187(4):e254-e255.
  • DiSandro M. Pediatric urolithiasis: children as little adults. J Urol. 2010 Nov; 184(5):1833-4. PubMed
  • Yiee JH, DiSandro M, Wang MH, Hittelman A, Baskin LS. Does severity of renal scarring on DMSA scan predict abnormalities in creatinine clearance? Urology. 2010 Jul; 76(1):204-8. PubMed
  • Jennifer H. Yang, Laurence S. Baskin, Michael DiSandro. Reply. Urology. 2010 Jan 1; 75(1):160.
  • Yang JH, Baskin LS, DiSandro M. Gender identity in disorders of sex development: review article. Urology. 2010 Jan; 75(1):153-9. PubMed
  • Mirheydar H, Evason K, Coakley F, Baskin LS, DiSandro M. 46, XY female with cloacal exstrophy and masculinization at puberty. J Pediatr Urol. 2009 Oct; 5(5):408-11. PubMed
  • Tasian GE, Hittelman AB, Kim GE, DiSandro MJ, Baskin LS. Age at orchiopexy and testis palpability predict germ and Leydig cell loss: clinical predictors of adverse histological features of cryptorchidism. J Urol. 2009 Aug; 182(2):704-9. PubMed
  • Gregory E Tasian, Adam Hittelman, Grace E Kim, Michael J. DiSandro, Laurence S Baskin. CRYPTORCHIDISM AND MALE FERTILITY POTENTIAL: CLINICAL PREDICTORS OF ADVERSE HISTOLOGICAL FEATURES. The Journal of Urology. 2009 Apr 1; 181(4):119.
  • Laurence BASKIN, Greg TASIAN, KIM Grace, Michael DISANDRO. Cryptorchidism And Male Fertility Potential: Histological Features And Correlation To Timing Of Orchiopexy And Location Of Testes. Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2009 Apr 1; 5:s80.
  • Mark C. Adams, Julian S. Ansell, Darius J. Bagli, John M. Barry, Julia Spencer Barthold, Laurence S. Baskin, Stuart B. Bauer, Mark F. Bellinger, A. Barry Belman, James M. Betts, Adrian Bianchi, David A. Bloom, Guy A. Bogaert, Joseph G. Borer, Aivar Bracka, Claire M. Brett, John W. Brock, Mark P. Cain, Anthony Caldamone, Douglas A. Canning, Patrick Cartwright, Anthony J. Casale, Pasquale Casale, Marc Cendron, Earl Y. Cheng, Bernard M. Churchill, Arnold H. Colodny, Douglas Coplen, Linda M. Shortliffe, Roberto De Castro, Ross M. Decter, Charles Devine, Paddy Dewan, David A. Diamond, Michael DiSandro, Steven G. Docimo, John W. Duckett, Jack Elder, Amicur Farkas, Fernando A. Ferrer, Casimir F. Firlit, Israel Franco, Qiang Fu, John P. Gearhart, Kenneth I. Glassberg, James Glenn, Edmond T. Gonzales, Ricardo González, David C.S. Gough, Richard Grady, Saul P. Greenfield, Willy Gregoir, Moneer K. Hanna, David A. Hatch, W. Hardy Hendren, Terry W. Hensle, Adam Hittelman, Norman B. Hodgson, Nicholas Holmes, Charles E. Horton, Stuart Howards, Douglas Husmann, John M. Hutson, Anette Jacobsen, David B. Joseph, George W. Kaplan, Evan J. Kass, Michael A. Keating, Antoine E. Khoury, Lowell R. King, Andrew J. Kirsch, Stephen A. Koff, Barry A. Kogan, Stanley J. Kogan, Martin A. Koyle, Anand Krishnan, Bradley P. Kropp, Kenneth A. Kropp, Eric A. Kurzrock, Guy W. Leadbetter, Henri Lottmann, Richards P. Lyon, Antonio Macedo, Max Maizels, Padraig S.J. Malone, Jack McAninch, Gerald C. Mingin, Michael E. Mitchell, Paul Mitrofanoff, Paulo R. Monti, Pierre D.E. Mouriquand, Hiep T. Nguyen, John M. Park, Thomas S. Parrott, Alberto Peña, Sava Perovic, Craig A. Peters, J.L. Pippi Salle, Victor A. Politano, John Pope, Dix P. Poppas, John F. Redman, Alan B. Retik, Richard C. Rink, Mike Ritchey, Jonathan H. Ross, H. Gil Rushton, Ellen Shapiro, Stephen R. Shapiro, Yoshiyuki Shiroyanagi, Steven J. Skoog, E. Durham Smith, Grahame H.H. Smith, Warren Snodgrass, Brent W. Snow, Howard M. Snyder, Harry M. Spence, Raimund Stein, George Steinhardt, F. Douglas Stephens, Ronald Sutherland, Hubert S. Swana, Emil A. Tanagho, Saburo Tanikaze, Richard Turner-Warwick, Katsuhiko Ueoka, Julian Wan, Ming-Hsien Wang, Robert Whitaker, Duncan Wilcox, Jason Wilson, John R. Woodard, Hsi-Yang Wu, Yuichiro Yamazaki, Mark R. Zaontz, Stephen A. Zderic. Commentators. Hinman\u0027s Atlas Of Pediatric Urologic Surgery. 2009 Jan 1; vii-xvi.
  • Breyer BN, DiSandro M, Baskin LS, Hsieh MH. Obesity does not decrease the accuracy of testicular examination in anesthetized boys with cryptorchidism. J Urol. 2009 Feb; 181(2):830-4. PubMed
  • Gosalbez R, Castellan M, Ibrahim E, DiSandro M, Labbie A. New concepts in feminizing genitoplasty--is the Fortunoff flap obsolete? J Urol. 2005 Dec; 174(6):2350-3, discussion 2353. PubMed
  • Castellan M, Gosalbez R, Labbie A, Ibrahim E, Disandro M. Bladder neck sling for treatment of neurogenic incontinence in children with augmentation cystoplasty: long-term followup. J Urol. 2005 Jun; 173(6):2128-31; discussion 2131. PubMed
  • Baskin L, DiSandro M, Li Y, Li W, Hayward S, Cunha G. Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in bladder smooth muscle development: effects of the local tissue environment. J Urol. 2001 Apr; 165(4):1283-8. PubMed
  • Barry A. Kogan, Michael DiSandro. PHARMACOLOGICAL ERECTION IN THE TREATMENT OF CHORDEE IN CHILDREN. The Journal of Urology. 1999 Apr 1; 161(4S):108..
  • DiSandro MJ, Li Y, Baskin LS, Hayward S, Cunha G. Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in bladder smooth muscle development: epithelial specificity. J Urol. 1998 Sep; 160(3 Pt 2):1040-6; discussion 1079. PubMed
  • DiSandro MJ, Kogan BA. Neonatal management. Role for early intervention. Urol Clin North Am. 1998 May; 25(2):187-97. PubMed
  • Michael J. DiSandro, Laurence S. Baskin, Ying Wu Li, Zena Werb, Gerald R. Cunha. Development and Regenerative Ability of Bladder in the Transgenic Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Gene Knockout Mouse. Investigative Urology. 1997 Sep 1; 158(3):1058-1065.
  • DiSandro MJ, Baskin LS, Li YW, Werb Z, Cunha GR. Development and regenerative ability of bladder in the transgenic epidermal growth factor receptor gene knockout mouse. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158(3 Pt 2):1058-65. PubMed
  • Laurence S. Baskin, Ronald S. Sutherland, Michael J. DiSandro, Simon W. Hayward, Joshua Lipschutz, Gerald R. Cunha. The Effect of Testosterone on Androgen Receptors and Human Penile Growth. Investigative Urology. 1997 Sep 1; 158(3):1113-1118.
  • Baskin LS, Sutherland RS, DiSandro MJ, Hayward SW, Lipschutz J, Cunha GR. The effect of testosterone on androgen receptors and human penile growth. J Urol. 1997 Sep; 158(3 Pt 2):1113-8. PubMed
  • Laurence S. Baskin, Ronald S. Sutherland, Axel A. Thomson, Heip-Thieu Nguyen, Daniel M. Morgan, Simon W. Hayward, Yun K. Hom, Michael DiSandro, Gerald R. Cunha. Growth Factors in Bladder Wound Healing. The Journal of Urology. 1997 Jun 1; 157(6):2388-2395..
  • Baskin LS, Sutherland RS, Thomson AA, Nguyen HT, Morgan DM, Hayward SW, Hom YK, DiSandro M, Cunha GR. Growth factors in bladder wound healing. J Urol. 1997 Jun; 157(6):2388-95. PubMed
  • Baskin LS, Hayward SW, Sutherland RA, DiSandro MJ, Thomson AA, Goodman J, Cunha GR. Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in the bladder. World J Urol. 1996; 14(5):301-9. PubMed
  • Palmer JM, DiSandro M. Diuretic enhanced duplex Doppler sonography in 33 children presenting with hydronephrosis: a study of test sensitivity, specificity and precision. J Urol. 1995 Nov; 154(5):1885-8. PubMed