Norman H. Silverman, MD

  • Professor of Pediatrics

Publications

  • Howley LW, Strasburger J, Maleszewski JJ, Snowise S, Lund A, Schneider A, MacIver R, Edens E, Eyerly-Webb S, Silverman NH. Fetal Unguarded Mitral Valve Orifice, Aortic Atresia, and Severe Left Heart Enlargement. JACC Case Rep. 2021 Feb; 3(2):206-211. PubMed

  • Freud LR, McElhinney DB, Kalish BT, Escobar-Diaz MC, Komarlu R, Puchalski MD, Jaeggi ET, Szwast AL, Freire G, Levasseur SM, Kavanaugh-McHugh A, Michelfelder EC, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT, Howley LW, Selamet Tierney ES, Cuneo BF, Morris SA, Pruetz JD, van der Velde ME, Kovalchin JP, Ikemba CM, Vernon MM, Samai C, Satou GM, Gotteiner NL, Phoon CK, Silverman NH, Tworetzky W. Risk Factors for Mortality and Circulatory Outcome Among Neonates Prenatally Diagnosed With Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia: A Multicenter Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2020 11 03; 9(21):e016684. PubMed

  • Cox K, Algaze-Yojay C, Punn R, Silverman N. The Natural and Unnatural History of Ventricular Septal Defects Presenting in Infancy: An Echocardiography-Based Review. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2020 06; 33(6):763-770. PubMed

  • Adamson GT, Arunamata A, Tacy TA, Silverman NH, Ma M, Maskatia SA, Punn R. Postoperative Recovery of Left Ventricular Function following Repair of Large Ventricular Septal Defects in Infants. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2020 03; 33(3):368-377. PubMed

  • Arunamata A, Stringer J, Balasubramanian S, Tacy TA, Silverman NH, Punn R. Cardiac Segmental Strain Analysis in Pediatric Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2019 06; 32(6):763-773.e1. PubMed

  • Aurigemma D, Dixon C, Tucker S, Davis C, Silverman N. Aortopulmonary window in tetralogy of Fallot with absent conal septum. Echocardiography. 2019 02; 36(2):411-414. PubMed

  • Chock VY, Goel VV, Palma JP, Luh TM, Wang NA, Gaskari S, Punn R, Silverman NH, Benitz WE. Changing Management of the Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Effect on Neonatal Outcomes and Resource Utilization. Am J Perinatol. 2017 08; 34(10):990-995. PubMed

  • Nguyen HH, Khan R, Silverman NH, Singh GK. Tricuspid Atresia with Non-compaction: An Early Experience with Implications for Surgical Palliation. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Mar; 38(3):495-505. PubMed

  • Selamet Tierney ES, McElhinney DB, Freud LR, Tworetzky W, Cuneo BF, Escobar-Diaz MC, Ikemba C, Kalish BT, Komarlu R, Levasseur SM, Puchalski MD, Satou GM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Assessment of Progressive Pathophysiology After Early Prenatal Diagnosis of the Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia. Am J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 01; 119(1):106-111. PubMed

  • Stauffer KJ, Arunamata A, Vasanawala SS, Behera SK, Kipps AK, Silverman NH. Decompressing vein and bilateral superior venae cavae in a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Echocardiography. 2016 Sep; 33(9):1428-31. PubMed

  • Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Discordant Fetal and Post-Natal Diagnosis: Can We Do Better? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 08 30; 68(9):931-3. PubMed

  • Stöllberger C, Wegner C, Benatar A, Chin TK, Dangel J, Majoor-Krakauer D, Mondal TK, Sivanandam S, Silverman NH, van Waning J, Finsterer J. Postnatal Outcome of Fetal Left Ventricular Hypertrabeculation/Noncompaction. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Jun; 37(5):919-24. PubMed

  • Silverman NH. Echocardiographic presentation of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Cardiol Young. 2015 Dec; 25(8):1512-23. PubMed

  • Likes ML, Silverman NH, Albers EL, Choy R, Bhat A, McMullan DM. Near-fatal neonatal coronary ischaemia associated with intermittent aortic regurgitation: successful surgical treatment. Cardiol Young. 2015 Dec; 25(8):1531-5. PubMed

  • Nawaytou HM, Peyvandi S, Brook MM, Silverman N, Moon-Grady AJ. Right Ventricular Systolic-to-Diastolic Time Index: Hypoplastic Left Heart Fetuses Differ Significantly from Normal Fetuses. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2016 Feb; 29(2):143-9. PubMed

  • Freud LR, Escobar-Diaz MC, Kalish BT, Komarlu R, Puchalski MD, Jaeggi ET, Szwast AL, Freire G, Levasseur SM, Kavanaugh-McHugh A, Michelfelder EC, Moon-Grady AJ, Donofrio MT, Howley LW, Tierney ES, Cuneo BF, Morris SA, Pruetz JD, van der Velde ME, Kovalchin JP, Ikemba CM, Vernon MM, Samai C, Satou GM, Gotteiner NL, Phoon CK, Silverman NH, McElhinney DB, Tworetzky W. Outcomes and Predictors of Perinatal Mortality in Fetuses With Ebstein Anomaly or Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia in the Current Era: A Multicenter Study. Circulation. 2015 Aug 11; 132(6):481-9. PubMed

  • Madriago EJ, Punn R, Geeter N, Silverman NH. Routine intra-operative trans-oesophageal echocardiography yields better outcomes in surgical repair of CHD. Cardiol Young. 2016 Feb; 26(2):263-8. PubMed

  • Silverman NH. Echocardiography of congenital mitral valve disorders: echocardiographic-morphological comparisons. Cardiol Young. 2014 Dec; 24(6):1030-48. PubMed

  • Ganesan S, Brook MM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Prenatal findings in total anomalous pulmonary venous return: a diagnostic road map starts with obstetric screening views. J Ultrasound Med. 2014 Jul; 33(7):1193-207. PubMed

  • Donofrio MT, Moon-Grady AJ, Hornberger LK, Copel JA, Sklansky MS, Abuhamad A, Cuneo BF, Huhta JC, Jonas RA, Krishnan A, Lacey S, Lee W, Michelfelder EC, Rempel GR, Silverman NH, Spray TL, Strasburger JF, Tworetzky W, Rychik J, American Heart Association Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Joint Committee of the Council on Ca . Diagnosis and treatment of fetal cardiac disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2014 May 27; 129(21):2183-242. PubMed

  • Chock VY, Punn R, Oza A, Benitz WE, Van Meurs KP, Whittemore AS, Behzadian F, Silverman NH. Predictors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death in premature infants with a patent ductus arteriosus. Pediatr Res. 2014 Apr; 75(4):570-5. PubMed

  • Rocha LA, Byrne FA, Keller RL, Miniati D, Brook MM, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ. Left heart structures in human neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia and the effect of fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2014; 35(1):36-43. PubMed

  • Silverman NH. The essential echocardiographic features of tetralogy of Fallot. Cardiol Young. 2013 Dec; 23(6):871-82. PubMed

  • Bader RS, Punn R, Silverman NH. Evaluation of risk factors for prediction of outcome in fetal spectrum of atrioventricular septal defects. Congenit Heart Dis. 2014 Jul-Aug; 9(4):286-93. PubMed

  • Solomon JE, Stock JH, Richardson RR, Silverman NH. Fetal heterotaxy with tricuspid atresia, pulmonary atresia, and isomerism of the right atrial appendages at 22 weeks. AJP Rep. 2013 Oct; 3(2):97-102. PubMed

  • Sun HY, Buccola KJ, Punn R, Silverman NH, Peng LF, Perry SB, Balasubramanian S. Transcatheter device closure of a congenital aortic-left atrial tunnel. Congenit Heart Dis. 2014 Jan-Feb; 9(1):E23-6. PubMed

  • Mahle WT, Gonzalez JH, Kreeger J, Marx G, Duldani G, Silverman NH. Echocardiography of transposition of the great arteries. Cardiol Young. 2012 Dec; 22(6):664-70. PubMed

  • Arunamata A, Punn R, Cuneo B, Bharati S, Silverman NH. Echocardiographic diagnosis and prognosis of fetal left ventricular noncompaction. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Jan; 25(1):112-20. PubMed

  • Jegatheeswaran A, Oliveira C, Batsos C, Moon-Grady AJ, Silverman NH, Hornberger LK, Coyte P, Friedberg MK. Costs of prenatal detection of congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2011 Dec 15; 108(12):1808-14. PubMed

  • Punn R, Silverman NH. Fetal predictors of urgent balloon atrial septostomy in neonates with complete transposition. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2011 Apr; 24(4):425-30. PubMed

  • Trucco SM, Jaeggi E, Cuneo B, Moon-Grady AJ, Silverman E, Silverman N, Hornberger LK. Use of intravenous gamma globulin and corticosteroids in the treatment of maternal autoantibody-mediated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Feb 08; 57(6):715-23. PubMed

  • Obayashi DY, Yeh J, Silverman NH, Hanley FL. Anomalous coronary arteries from the opposite sinus of Valsalva in asymptomatic siblings treated with pulmonary arterial translocation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Dec; 140(6):1430-2. PubMed

  • Cohen MS, Herlong RJ, Silverman NH. Echocardiographic imaging of anomalous origin of the coronary arteries. Cardiol Young. 2010 Dec; 20 Suppl 3:26-34. PubMed

  • Mahle WT, Kreeger J, Silverman NH. Echocardiography of the aortopulmonary window, aorto-ventricular tunnels, and aneurysm of the sinuses of Valsalva. Cardiol Young. 2010 Dec; 20 Suppl 3:100-6. PubMed

  • Martin MH, Perry SB, Prochazka JV, Hanley FL, Silverman NH. Surgical management of life threatening events caused by intermittent aortic insufficiency in a native valve: case report. J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010 Oct 29; 5:94. PubMed

  • Talluto CJ, Silverman NH. Aortic and mitral valve stenosis with regurgitation: not due to rheumatic heart disease. Echocardiography. 2011 Feb; 28(2):E24-7. PubMed

  • Schroeder AR, Axelrod DM, Silverman NH, Rubesova E, Merkel E, Roth SJ. A continuous heparin infusion does not prevent catheter-related thrombosis in infants after cardiac surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 Jul; 11(4):489-95. PubMed

  • Mahle WT, John JB, Silverman NH. The history of the development of paediatric echocardiography. Cardiol Young. 2009 Nov; 19 Suppl 2:26-34. PubMed

  • Punn R, Silverman NH. Cardiac segmental analysis in left ventricular noncompaction: experience in a pediatric population. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2010 Jan; 23(1):46-53. PubMed

  • Kemna MS, Murphy DJ, Silverman NH. Screening for aortic root dilation in marfan syndrome using the ratio of the aortic root to descending aortic diameters in children. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Oct; 22(10):1109-13. PubMed

  • Sarnari R, Kamal RY, Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Doppler assessment of the ratio of the systolic to diastolic duration in normal children: relation to heart rate, age and body surface area. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Aug; 22(8):928-32. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH, Moon-Grady AJ, Tong E, Nourse J, Sorenson B, Lee J, Hornberger LK. Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease. J Pediatr. 2009 Jul; 155(1):26-31, 31.e1. PubMed

  • Mahle WT, Martinez R, Silverman N, Cohen MS, Anderson RH. Anatomy, echocardiography, and surgical approach to double outlet right ventricle. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec; 18 Suppl 3:39-51. PubMed

  • Falvo A, Horst HM, Rubinfeld I, Blyden D, Brandt MM, Jordan J, Faber MD, Silverman N. Acute renal failure in cardiothoracic surgery patients: what is the best definition of this common and potent predictor of increased morbidity and mortality. Am J Surg. 2008 Sep; 196(3):379-83. PubMed

  • Soslow JH, Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Idiopathic premature closure of the ductus arteriosus: an indication for early delivery. Echocardiography. 2008 Jul; 25(6):650-2. PubMed

  • Vlahos AP, Feinstein JA, Schiller NB, Silverman NH. Extension of Doppler-derived echocardiographic measures of pulmonary vascular resistance to patients with moderate or severe pulmonary vascular disease. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008 Jun; 21(6):711-4. PubMed

  • McMullan DM, Reddy VM, Gottliebson WM, Silverman NH, Perry SB, Chan F, Hanley FL, Riemer RK. Morphological studies of pulmonary arteriovenous shunting in a lamb model of superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. Pediatr Cardiol. 2008 Jul; 29(4):706-12. PubMed

  • Gulati R, Reddy VM, Culbertson C, Helton G, Suleman S, Reinhartz O, Silverman N, Hanley FL. Surgical management of coronary artery arising from the wrong coronary sinus, using standard and novel approaches. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Nov; 134(5):1171-8. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH, Dubin AM, Rosenthal DN. Right ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 Sep; 20(9):1073-9. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH, Dubin AM, Rosenthal DN. Mechanical dyssynchrony in children with systolic dysfunction secondary to cardiomyopathy: a Doppler tissue and vector velocity imaging study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 Jun; 20(6):756-63. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. The systolic to diastolic duration ratio in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: a novel Doppler index of right ventricular function. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2007 Jun; 20(6):749-55. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Kim N, Silverman NH. Atrioventricular septal defect recently diagnosed by fetal echocardiography: echocardiographic features, associated anomalies, and outcomes. Congenit Heart Dis. 2007 Mar-Apr; 2(2):110-4. PubMed

  • Bernheimer J, Friedberg M, Chan F, Silverman N. Echocardiographic diagnosis of persistent fifth aortic arch. Echocardiography. 2007 Mar; 24(3):258-62. PubMed

  • Rouine-Rapp K, Rouillard KP, Miller-Hance W, Silverman NH, Collins KK, Cahalan MK, Bostrom A, Russell IA. Segmental wall-motion abnormalities after an arterial switch operation indicate ischemia. Anesth Analg. 2006 Nov; 103(5):1139-46. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. The systolic to diastolic duration ratio in children with heart failure secondary to restrictive cardiomyopathy. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006 Nov; 19(11):1326-31. PubMed

  • Ciotti GR, Vlahos AP, Silverman NH. Morphology and function of the bicuspid aortic valve with and without coarctation of the aorta in the young. Am J Cardiol. 2006 Oct 15; 98(8):1096-102. PubMed

  • Kim N, Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Diagnosis and prognosis of fetuses with double outlet right ventricle. Prenat Diagn. 2006 Aug; 26(8):740-5. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Chang IL, Silverman NH, Ramamoorthy C, Chan FP. Images in cardiovascular medicine. Near sudden death from cardiac lipoma in an adolescent. Circulation. 2006 May 30; 113(21):e778-9. PubMed

  • Mahle WT, Silverman NH, Marx GR, Anderson RH. Echo-morphological correlates concerning the functionally univentricular heart in the setting of isomeric atrial appendages. Cardiol Young. 2006 Feb; 16 Suppl 1:35-42. PubMed

  • Greenway SC, Bradley TJ, Caldarone CA, Silverman NH, Hanley FL, Smallhorn JF. Aortopulmonary window with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: two cases highlighting the importance of complete pre-operative echocardiographic evaluation of the coronary arteries in all conotruncal anomalies. Eur J Echocardiogr. 2006 Oct; 7(5):379-82. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Cardiac ventricular diastolic and systolic duration in children with heart failure secondary to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol. 2006 Jan 01; 97(1):101-5. PubMed

  • Graham TP, Beekman RH, Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Romes JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy D, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Hirshfeld JW, Kugler JD, Moskowitz WB, Creager MA, Lorell BH, Merli G, Rodgers GP, Rutherford JD, Tracy CM, Weitz HH, American College of Cardiology Foundation , American Heart Association , American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence , Writing Committee to Develop Training Recommendations for Pediatric Cardiology . ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence (ACC/AHA/AAP Writing Committee to Develop Training Recommendations for Pediatric Cardiology). Circulation. 2005 Oct 18; 112(16):2555-80. PubMed

  • Allen HD, Bricker JT, Freed MD, Hurwitz RA, McQuinn TC, Schieken RM, Strong WB, Zahka KG, Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, Beekman RH, Hellenbrand WE, Lloyd TR, Lock JE, Mullins CE, Rome JJ, Teitel DF, Vetter VL, Silka MJ, Van Hare GF, Walsh EP, Kulik T, Giglia TM, Kocis KC, Mahoney LT, Schwartz SM, Wernovsky G, Wessel DL, Murphy DJ, Foster E, Benson DW, Baldwin HS, Mahoney LT, McQuinn TC, American College of Cardiology Foundation , American Heart Association , American Academy of Pediatrics . ACC/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Pediatrics. 2005 Dec; 116(6):1574-96. PubMed

  • Sanders SP, Colan SD, Cordes TM, Donofrio MT, Ensing GJ, Geva T, Kimball TR, Sahn DJ, Silverman NH, Sklansky MS, Weinberg PM, American Society of Echocardiography , Society of Pediatric Echocardiography , American College of Cardiology Foundation , American Heart Association , American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence (ACC/AHA/AAP Writing Committee to D . ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Task force 2: pediatric training guidelines for noninvasive cardiac imaging endorsed by the American Society of Echocardiography and the Society of Pediatric Echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 04; 46(7):1384-8. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Ursell PC, Silverman NH. Isomerism of the left atrial appendage associated with ventricular noncompaction. Am J Cardiol. 2005 Oct 01; 96(7):985-90. PubMed

  • Gandy KL, Burtelow MA, Reddy VM, Silverman NH. Myofibroblastic tumor of the heart: a rare intracardiac tumor. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Sep; 130(3):888-9. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Mitral valve leaflet excursion velocity in the pediatric population: a comparable diastolic index to the color M-mode propagation velocity. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Feb; 18(2):142-7. PubMed

  • Tham EB, Silverman NH. Measurement of the Tei index: a comparison of M-mode and pulse Doppler methods. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004 Dec; 17(12):1259-65. PubMed

  • Friedberg MK, Silverman NH. Changing indications for fetal echocardiography in a University Center population. Prenat Diagn. 2004 Oct; 24(10):781-6. PubMed

  • Gremmels DB, Tacy TA, Brook MM, Silverman NH. Accuracy of coronary artery anatomy using two-dimensional echocardiography in d-transposition of great arteries using a two-reviewer method. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004 May; 17(5):454-60. PubMed

  • Tworetzky W, McElhinney DB, Margossian R, Moon-Grady AJ, Sallee D, Goldmuntz E, van der Velde ME, Silverman NH, Allan LD. Association between cardiac tumors and tuberous sclerosis in the fetus and neonate. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Aug 15; 92(4):487-9. PubMed

  • Cassorla L, Miller-Hance WC, Rouine-Rapp K, Reddy VM, Hanley FL, Silverman NH. Reliability of intraoperative contrast transesophageal echocardiography for detecting interatrial communications in patients with other congenital cardiovascular malformations. Am J Cardiol. 2003 Apr 15; 91(8):1027-31, A8-9. PubMed

  • Todor A, Sharov VG, Tanhehco EJ, Silverman N, Bernabei A, Sabbah HN. Hypoxia-induced cleavage of caspase-3 and DFF45/ICAD in human failed cardiomyocytes. . 2002 Sep; 283(3):H990-5. PubMed

  • Sydorak RM, Kelly T, Feldstein VA, Sandberg PL, Silverman NH, Harrison MR, Albanese CT. Prenatal resection of a fetal pericardial teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2002 Sep-Oct; 17(5):281-5. PubMed

  • Puchalski MD, Brook MM, Silverman NH. Simplified echocardiographic criteria for decision making in perimembranous ventricular septal defect in childhood. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Sep 01; 90(5):569-71. PubMed

  • Silverman NH, Silverman H. Abraham Morris Rudolph. Cardiol Young. 2002 Jul; 12(4):393-400. PubMed

  • Du ZD, Hijazi ZM, Kleinman CS, Silverman NH, Larntz K, Amplatzer Investigators . Comparison between transcatheter and surgical closure of secundum atrial septal defect in children and adults: results of a multicenter nonrandomized trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Jun 05; 39(11):1836-44. PubMed

  • Moon-Grady AJ, Tacy TA, Brook MM, Hanley FL, Silverman NH. Value of clinical and echocardiographic features in predicting outcome in the fetus, infant, and child with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve complex. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Jun 01; 89(11):1280-5. PubMed

  • Nield LE, Silverman ED, Taylor GP, Smallhorn JF, Mullen JB, Silverman NH, Finley JP, Law YM, Human DG, Seaward PG, Hamilton RM, Hornberger LK. Maternal anti-Ro and anti-La antibody-associated endocardial fibroelastosis. Circulation. 2002 Feb 19; 105(7):843-8. PubMed

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