Dawn Gano


  • Assistant Professor, Neurology
  • Pediatric Neurologist


Dr. Dawn Gano is a pediatric neurologist in the Neuro-Intensive Care Nursery and Neonatal Neurology Follow-Up Program at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital San Francisco. Gano specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders in newborns, as well as comprehensive follow-up throughout childhood.

Her research centers on promoting brain health in premature babies by identifying modifiable risk factors for brain injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Education & Training

  • McGill University

  • McMaster University

  • University of British Columbia

    Pediatric Neurology

  • University of California, San Francisco

    Clinical Research Methods

  • University of California, San Francisco

    Neonatal Neurology


  • Lambing H, Gano D, Li Y, Bach AM, Girvan O, Rogers EE, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D, McCulloch CE, Glass HC. Using Neonatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Predict Gross Motor Disability at Four Years in Term-Born Children With Neonatal Encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2023 Mar 24; 144:50-55. PubMed

  • Vassar R, Peyvandi S, Gano D, Cox S, Zetino Y, Miller S, McQuillen P. Critical congenital heart disease beyond HLHS and TGA: neonatal brain injury and early neurodevelopment. Pediatr Res. 2023 Feb 13. PubMed

  • Rachel Vassar, Elizabeth George, Dawn Gano, Orit Glenn. Abstract TMP23: Fetal Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage In Col4a1/2-related Disorders. Stroke. 2023 Feb 1; 54(Suppl_1).

  • Peyvandi S, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Gano D, Chau V, Reddy VM, Selvanathan T, Guo T, Gaynor JW, Seed M, Miller SP, McQuillen P. Declining Incidence of Postoperative Neonatal Brain Injury in Congenital Heart Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2023 01 24; 81(3):253-266. PubMed

  • Schwab ME, Lianoglou BR, Gano D, Gonzalez Velez J, Allen IE, Arvon R, Baschat A, Bianchi DW, Bitanga M, Bourguignon A, Brown RN, Chen B, Chien M, Davis-Nelson S, de Laat MWM, Ekwattanakit S, Gollin Y, Hirata G, Jelin A, Jolley J, Meyer P, Miller J, Norton ME, Ogasawara KK, Panchalee T, Schindewolf E, Shaw SW, Stumbaugh T, Thompson AA, Towner D, Tsai PS, Viprakasit V, Volanakis E, Zhang L, Vichinsky E, MacKenzie TC. The impact of in utero transfusions on perinatal outcomes in patients with alpha thalassemia major: the UCSF registry. Blood Adv. 2023 01 24; 7(2):269-279. PubMed

  • LaHue SC, Gano D, Bove R. Reproductive Rights in Neurology-The Supreme Court's Impact on All of Us. JAMA Neurol. 2022 10 01; 79(10):961-962. PubMed

  • Kim H, Kim YS, Leventhal BL, Bishop S, Barkovich AJ, Gano D. MRI Findings in Prematurely-Born Adolescents and Young Adults Who Screen Positive for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatr Neurol. 2022 10; 135:25-27. PubMed

  • Shabnam Peyvandi, Duan Xu, A. James Barkovich, Dawn Gano, Vann Chau, Thiviya Selvanathan, J. William Gaynor, Michael Seed, Steven Miller, Patrick McQuillen. TEMPORAL TRENDS OF NEONATAL BRAIN INJURY IN COMPLEX CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE: RESULTS FROM A 20 YEAR PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2022 Mar 1; 79(9):1357.

  • Liu AR, Gano D, Li Y, Diwakar M, Courtier JL, Zapala MA. Rate of head ultrasound abnormalities at one month in very premature and extremely premature infants with normal initial screening ultrasound. Pediatr Radiol. 2022 05; 52(6):1150-1157. PubMed

  • Ramirez A, Peyvandi S, Cox S, Gano D, Xu D, Tymofiyeva O, McQuillen PS. Neonatal brain injury influences structural connectivity and childhood functional outcomes. PLoS One. 2022; 17(1):e0262310. PubMed

  • Abramsky R, Acosta R, Acosta Izquierdo L, Albeshri B, Almouqdad M, Asfour Y, Asfour S, Austin T, Bach A, Barkovich J, Beare R, Ben Fadel N, Berger A, Blanco B, Boomsma M, Bora S, Boswinkel V, Chin T, Collins-Jones L, Cooper R, Dagur G, Davila J, de Vries L, Shesrao L, Dovjak G, Edwards A, El-Dib M, Elshibiny H, Eshel D, Eshel R, Ferriero D, Gano D, Girvan O, Glass H, Goeral K, Golan A, Gurvitz M, Inder T, Jamjoom D, Kadom N, Kasprian G, Khalil T, Klebermass-Schrehof K, Kleinmahon J, KrĂĽse-Ruijter M, Lambing H, Lee S, Leemans A, Leijser L, Lemyre B, Li Y, Maltais-Bilodeau C, Marks K, McCulloch C, Milla S, Miller E, Mishra A, Mitsakakis N, Mohammad K, Tollenaer SM, Munster C, Nijboer J, Nijboer-Oosterveld J, Nijholt I, Novoa R, Ortinau C, Porter E, Prayer D, Reddy D, Redpath S, Rogers E, Schmidbauer V, Scott J, Sewell E, Shany E, Shelef I, Singh E, Slump C, Steele T, Szakmar E, Tax C, Thiim K, Uchitel J, van Osch J, van Wezel-Meijler G, Verschuur A, Wu-Smit MN, Yang E, Zein H. Proceedings of the 13th International Newborn Brain Conference: Neuro-imaging studies. J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2022; 15(2):389-409. PubMed

  • Simmons R, Martinez AB, Barkovich J, Numis AL, Cilio MR, Glenn OA, Gano D, Rogers EE, Glass HC. Disorders of Neuronal Migration/Organization Convey the Highest Risk of Neonatal Onset Epilepsy Compared With Other Congenital Brain Malformations. Pediatr Neurol. 2022 02; 127:20-27. PubMed

  • Lee BL, Gano D, Rogers EE, Xu D, Cox S, James Barkovich A, Li Y, Ferriero DM, Glass HC. Long-term cognitive outcomes in term newborns with watershed injury caused by neonatal encephalopathy. Pediatr Res. 2022 08; 92(2):505-512. PubMed

  • Haeusslein L, Gano D, Gay CL, Kriz RM, Bisgaard R, Vega M, Cormier DM, Joe P, Walker V, Kim JH, Lin C, Sun Y, Franck LS. Relationship between social support and post-discharge mental health symptoms in mothers of preterm infants. J Reprod Infant Psychol. 2021 Sep 29; 1-15. PubMed

  • Gano D, McQuillen P. How does the convergence of prematurity and congenital heart disease impact the developing brain? Semin Perinatol. 2021 11; 45(7):151472. PubMed

  • Gano D. Preterm neuroimaging: A fulcrum to advocate for earlier intervention. Semin Perinatol. 2021 11; 45(7):151467. PubMed

  • Bach AM, Fang AY, Bonifacio S, Rogers EE, Scheffler A, Partridge JC, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Glass HC, Gano D. Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predicts 30-Month Outcomes after Therapeutic Hypothermia for Neonatal Encephalopathy. J Pediatr. 2021 Nov; 238:94-101.e1. PubMed

  • Karvonen KL, Baer RJ, Rogers EE, Steurer MA, Ryckman KK, Feuer SK, Anderson JG, Franck LS, Gano D, Petersen MA, Oltman SP, Chambers BD, Neuhaus J, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Pantell MS. Correction: Racial and ethnic disparities in outcomes through 1 year of life in infants born prematurely: a population based study in California. J Perinatol. 2021 Jul; 41(7):1782. PubMed

  • Holmes BB, Russ JB, Wu YW, Gallagher RC, Gano D. Clinical Reasoning: A 2-Day-Old Boy With Sudden Cardiac Arrest and Encephalopathy. Neurology. 2021 10 26; 97(17):e1743-e1746. PubMed

  • Karvonen KL, Baer RJ, Rogers EE, Steurer MA, Ryckman KK, Feuer SK, Anderson JG, Franck LS, Gano D, Petersen MA, Oltman SP, Chambers BD, Neuhaus J, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Pantell MS. Racial and ethnic disparities in outcomes through 1 year of life in infants born prematurely: a population based study in California. J Perinatol. 2021 02; 41(2):220-231. PubMed

  • Grelli KN, Keller RL, Rogers EE, Partridge JC, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Gano D. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia precursors influence risk of white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants. Pediatr Res. 2021 08; 90(2):359-365. PubMed

  • Bandoli G, Baer RJ, Gano D, Pawlowski LJ, Chambers C. Migraines During Pregnancy and the Risk of Maternal Stroke. JAMA Neurol. 2020 09 01; 77(9):1177-1179. PubMed

  • Gano D, Cowan FM, de Vries LS. Cerebral palsy after very preterm birth - an imaging perspective. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020 06; 25(3):101106. PubMed

  • Gano D, Ferriero DM. Introduction. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2019 12; 32:100765. PubMed

  • Gano D, Barkovich AJ. Cerebellar hypoplasia of prematurity: Causes and consequences. Handb Clin Neurol. 2019; 162:201-216. PubMed

  • Dawn Gano, Donna M. Ferriero. Chapter 6 Focal Cerebral Infarction. . 2019 Jan 1; 93-110.

  • Tymofiyeva O, Gano D, Trevino RJ, Glass HC, Flynn T, Lundy SM, McQuillen PS, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D. Aberrant Structural Brain Connectivity in Adolescents with Attentional Problems Who Were Born Prematurely. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 11; 39(11):2140-2147. PubMed

  • Bierstone D, Wagenaar N, Gano DL, Guo T, Georgio G, Groenendaal F, de Vries LS, Varghese J, Glass HC, Chung C, Terry J, Rijpert M, Grunau RE, Synnes A, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Benders M, Chau V, Miller SP. Association of Histologic Chorioamnionitis With Perinatal Brain Injury and Early Childhood Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Among Preterm Neonates. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 06 01; 172(6):534-541. PubMed

  • Glass HC, Numis AL, Gano D, Bali V, Rogers EE. Outcomes After Acute Symptomatic Seizures in Children Admitted to a Neonatal Neurocritical Care Service. Pediatr Neurol. 2018 07; 84:39-45. PubMed

  • Dawn Gano, Donna M. Ferriero. Neonatal Stroke. Fetal and Neonatal Brain Injury. 2017 Dec 21; 401-411.

  • Shapiro KA, Kim H, Mandelli ML, Rogers EE, Gano D, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Gorno-Tempini ML, Glass HC, Xu D. Early changes in brain structure correlate with language outcomes in children with neonatal encephalopathy. Neuroimage Clin. 2017; 15:572-580. PubMed

  • Gano D, Ferriero DM. Altered Cerebellar Development in Preterm Newborns: Chicken or Egg? J Pediatr. 2017 03; 182:11-13. PubMed

  • Cui J, Tymofiyeva O, Desikan R, Flynn T, Kim H, Gano D, Hess CP, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Xu D. Microstructure of the Default Mode Network in Preterm Infants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 Feb; 38(2):343-348. PubMed

  • Jelin AC, Salmeen K, Gano D, Burd I, Thiet MP. Perinatal neuroprotection update. F1000Res. 2016; 5. PubMed

  • Gano D, Ho ML, Partridge JC, Glass HC, Xu D, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM. Antenatal Exposure to Magnesium Sulfate Is Associated with Reduced Cerebellar Hemorrhage in Preterm Newborns. J Pediatr. 2016 Nov; 178:68-74. PubMed

  • Gano D. White Matter Injury in Premature Newborns. Neonatal Netw. 2016; 35(2):73-7. PubMed

  • Kim H, Gano D, Ho ML, Guo XM, Unzueta A, Hess C, Ferriero DM, Xu D, Barkovich AJ. Hindbrain regional growth in preterm newborns and its impairment in relation to brain injury. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Feb; 37(2):678-88. PubMed

  • Gano D, Andersen SK, Glass HC, Rogers EE, Glidden DV, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM. Impaired cognitive performance in premature newborns with two or more surgeries prior to term-equivalent age. Pediatr Res. 2015 Sep; 78(3):323-9. PubMed

  • Gano D, Andersen SK, Partridge JC, Bonifacio SL, Xu D, Glidden DV, Ferriero DM, Barkovich AJ, Glass HC. Diminished white matter injury over time in a cohort of premature newborns. J Pediatr. 2015 Jan; 166(1):39-43. PubMed

  • Gano D, Orbach SA, Bonifacio SL, Glass HC. Neonatal seizures and therapeutic hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Mol Cell Epilepsy. 2014; 1(3). PubMed

  • Gano D, Sargent MA, Miller SP, Connolly MB, Wong P, Glass HC, Poskitt KJ, Chau V. MRI findings in infants with infantile spasms after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Dec; 49(6):401-5. PubMed

  • Gano D, Chau V, Poskitt KJ, Hill A, Roland E, Brant R, Chalmers M, Miller SP. Evolution of pattern of injury and quantitative MRI on days 1 and 3 in term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Res. 2013 Jul; 74(1):82-7. PubMed

  • O'Connor KC, Lopez-Amaya C, Gagne D, Lovato L, Moore-Odom NH, Kennedy J, Krupp L, Tenembaum S, Ness J, Belman A, Boyko A, Bykova O, Mah JK, Stoian CA, Waubant E, Kremenchutzky M, Ruggieri M, Bardini MR, Rensel M, Hahn J, Weinstock-Guttman B, Yeh EA, Farrell K, Freedman MS, Iivanainen M, Bhan V, Dilenge M, Hancock MA, Gano D, Fattahie R, Kopel L, Fournier AE, Moscarello M, Banwell B, Bar-Or A. Anti-myelin antibodies modulate clinical expression of childhood multiple sclerosis. J Neuroimmunol. 2010 Jun; 223(1-2):92-9. PubMed

  • Silver S, Gano D, Gerretsen P. Acute treatment of paediatric migraine: a meta-analysis of efficacy. J Paediatr Child Health. 2008 Jan; 44(1-2):3-9. PubMed

  • Masaaki Niino, Caroline Bodner, Marie-Lune Simard, Sudabeh Alatab, Dawn Gano, Ho Jin Kim, Manuela Trigueiro, Denise Racicot, Christine GuĂ©rette, Jack P. Antel, Alyson Fournier, Francois Grand'Maison, Amit Bar-Or. Corrections. Annals of Neurology. 2006 May 22; 59(6):990-990.

  • Niino M, Bodner C, Simard ML, Alatab S, Gano D, Kim HJ, Trigueiro M, Racicot D, GuĂ©rette C, Antel JP, Fournier A, Grand'Maison F, Bar-Or A. Natalizumab effects on immune cell responses in multiple sclerosis. Ann Neurol. 2006 May; 59(5):748-54. PubMed

  • Amit Bar-Or, Masaaki Niino, Marie-Lune Simard, Caroline Bodner, Sudabeh Alatab, Alyson Fournier, Dawn Gano, Ho Jin Kim. Prospective Monitoring of in Vivo Biological Effects of Natalizumab (Avla-4, Tysabri®) in Patients with Ms. Clinical Immunology. 2006 Jan 1; 119:s48.

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